theraccolta:

Relics of the True Cross

Crux fidelis, inter omnes Arbor una nobilis! Nulla silva talem profert, Fronde, flore, germine, Dulce lignum, dulces clavos, Dulce pondus sustinet.

Faithful Cross! above all other, One and only noble Tree! None in foliage, none in blossom, None in fruit thy peer may be; Sweetest wood and sweetest iron, Sweetest weight is hung on thee.

The Hourly Events of the Passion
7pm: Jesus washes the feet of the Apostles.
8pm: Last Supper and institution of the Holy Eucharist.
9pm: Jesus preaches his last discourse of love and makes His prayer for the union of His disciples
10pm: Prayer in Gethsemani. The Agony.
11pm: Jesus is arrested and brought to Jesusalem.
12am: Before Annas and Caiphas. First trial before the Sanhedrin.
1am: The denial of Peter. Jesus is imprisoned until morning.
5am: Jesus is struck and insulted in prison
6am: Jesus placed before false witnesses; affirms His Divinity. He is condemned as a blasphemer - worthy of death.
7am: Jesus in the Pretorium. He declares to Pontius Pilate that He is a King.
8am: Jesus in the palace of Herod. He is treated like a fool and is despised.
9am: Barabbas is preferred over Jesus. The scourging.
10am: Jesus is crowned with thorns and is condemned to death.
11am: Jesus carries His Cross to Calvary.
12pm: Jesus is stripped of His garments and nailed to the Cross which is raised and set in place.
1pm: Jesus forgives His enemies and opens the Gates of Paradise to the Good Thief.
2pm: Jesus leaves His Mother to be our Mother.
3pm: Jesus dies on the Cross.
4pm: The Heart of Jesus is pierced by a spear.
5pm: Jesus is put in the arms of His Mother, and is buried.
6pm: The desolation and solitude of the Mother of God.
allofthegrero:

The Anatomical And Physiological Details Of Death By Crucifixion:By Dr. C. Truman DavisA Physician Analyzes the Crucifixion.From New Wine Magazine, April 1982.Originally published in Arizona Medicine,March 1965, Arizona Medical Association.Crucifixion was invented by the Persians in 300 BC, and perfected by the Romans in 100 BC.1,It is the most painful death ever invented by man and is where we get our term “excruciating.”2,It was reserved primarily for the most vicious of male criminals.Jesus refused the anaesthetic wine which was offered to Him by the Roman soldiers because of His promise in Matthew 26: 29, “But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.”3,Jesus was stripped naked and His clothing divided by the Roman guards. This was in fulfilment of Psalm 22:18, “They divide My garments among them, and for My clothing they cast lots.”4,The Crucifixion of Jesus guaranteed a horrific, slow, painful death.Having been nailed the Cross, Jesus now had an impossible anatomical position to maintain.5,Jesus’ knees were flexed at about 45 degrees, and He was forced to bear His weight with the muscles of His thigh, which is not an anatomical position which is possible to maintain for more than a few minutes without severe cramp in the muscles of the thigh and calf.6,Jesus’ weight was borne on His feet, with nails driven through them.As the strength of the muscles of Jesus’ lower limbs tired, the weight of His body had to be transferred to His wrists, His arms, and His shoulders.7,Within a few minutes of being placed on the Cross, Jesus’ shoulders were dislocated.Minutes later Jesus’ elbows and wrists became dislocated.8,The result of these upper limb dislocations is that His arms were 9 inches longer than normal, as clearly shown on the Shroud.9,In addition prophecy was fulfilled in Psalm 22:14, “I am poured out like water, and all My bones are out of joint.”10,After Jesus’ wrists, elbows, and shoulders were dislocated, the weight of His body on his upper limbs caused traction forces on the Pectoralis Major muscles of His chest wall.11,These traction forces caused His rib cage to be pulled upwards and outwards, in a most unnatural state. His chest wall was permanently in a position of maximal respiratory inspiration. In order to exhale, Jesus was physiologically required to force His body.12,In order to breathe out, Jesus had to push down on the nails in His feet to raise His body, and allow His rib cage to move downwards and inwards to expire air from His lungs.13,His lungs were in a resting position of constant maximum inspiration.Crucifixion is a medical catastrophe.14,The problem was that Jesus could not easily push down on the nails in His feet because the muscles of His legs, bent at 45 degrees, were extremely fatigued, in severe cramp, and in an anatomically compromised position.15,Unlike all Hollywood movies about the Crucifixion, the victim was extremely active.The crucified victim was physiologically forced to move up and down the cross, a distance of about 12 inches, in order to breathe.16,The process of respiration caused excruciating pain, mixed with the absolute terror of asphyxiation.17,As the six hours of the Crucifixion wore on, Jesus was less and less able to bear His weight on His legs, as His thigh and calf muscles became increasingly exhausted.There was increasing dislocation of His wrists, elbows and shoulders, and further elevation of His chest wall, making His breathing more and more difficultWithin minutes of crucifixion Jesus became severely dyspnoeic (short of breath).18,His movements up and down the Cross to breathe caused excruciating pain in His wrist, His feet, and His dislocated elbows and shoulders.19,The movements became less frequent as Jesus became increasingly exhausted, but the terror of imminent death by asphyxiation forced Him to continue in His efforts to breathe.20,Jesus’ lower limb muscles developed excruciating cramp from the effort of pushing down on His legs, to raise His body, so that He could breathe out, in their anatomically compromised position.21,The pain from His two shattered median nerves in His wrists exploded with every movement.22,Jesus was covered in blood and sweat.23,The blood was a result of the Scourging that nearly killed Him, and the sweat as a result of His violent involuntary attempts to effort to expire air from His lungs.Throughout all this He was completely naked, and the leaders of the Jews, the crowds, and the thieves on both sides of Him were jeering, swearing and laughing at Him.In addition, Jesus’ own mother was watching.24,Physiologically, Jesus’ body was undergoing a series of catastrophic and terminal events.25,Because Jesus could not maintain adequate ventilation of His lungs, He was now in a state of hypoventilation (inadequate ventilation).26,His blood oxygen level began to fall, and He developed Hypoxia (low blood oxygen).In addition, because of His restricted respiratory movements, His blood carbon dioxide (CO2) level began to rise, a condition known as Hypercapnia.27,This rising CO2 level stimulated His heart to beat faster in order to increase the delivery of oxygen, and the removal of CO228,The Respiratory Centre in Jesus’ brain sent urgent messages to his lungs to breathe faster, and Jesus began to pant.29,Jesus’ physiological reflexes demanded that He took deeper breaths, and He involuntarily moved up and down the Cross much faster, despite the excruciating pain.The agonising movements spontaneously started several times a minute, to the delight of the crowd who jeered Him, the Roman soldiers, and the Sanhedrin.30,However, due to the nailing of Jesus to the Cross and His increasing exhaustion, He was unable to provide more oxygen to His oxygen starved body.31,The twin forces of Hypoxia (too little oxygen) and Hypercapnia (too much CO2) caused His heart to beat faster and faster, and Jesus developed Tachycardia.32,Jesus’ heart beat faster and faster, and His pulse rate was probably about 220 beats/ minute, the maximum normally sustainable.33,Jesus had drunk nothing for 15 hours, since 6 pm the previous evening.Jesus had endured a scourging which nearly killed Him.34,He was bleeding from all over His body following the Scourging, the crown of thorns, the nails in His wrists and feet, and the lacerations following His beatings and falls.35,Jesus was already very dehydrated, and His blood pressure fell alarmingly.36,His blood pressure was probably about 80/50.37,He was in First Degree Shock, with Hypovolaemia (low blood volume), Tachycardia (excessively fast Heart Rate), Tachypnoea (excessively fast Respiratory Rate), and Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating).38,By about noon Jesus’ heart probably began to fail.39,Jesus’ lungs probably began to fill up with Pulmonary Oedema.40,This only served to exacerbate His breathing, which was already severely compromised.41,Jesus was in Heart Failure and Respiratory Failure.42,Jesus said, “I thirst” because His body was crying out for fluids.43,Jesus was in desperate need of an intravenous infusion of blood and plasma to save His life44,Jesus could not breathe properly and was slowly suffocating to death.45,At this stage Jesus probably developed a Haemopericardium.46,Plasma and blood gathered in the space around His heart, called the Pericardium.47,This fluid around His heart caused Cardiac Tamponade (fluid around His heart, which prevented Jesus’ heart from beating properly).48,Because of the increasing physiological demands on Jesus’ heart, and the advanced state of Haemopericardium, Jesus probably eventually sustained Cardiac Rupture. His heart literally burst. This was probably the cause of His death.49,To slow the process of death the soldiers put a small wooden seat on the Cross, which would allow Jesus the “privilege” of bearing His weight on his sacrum.50,The effect of this was that it could take up to nine days to die on a Cross.51,When the Romans wanted to expedite death they would simply break the legs of the victim, causing the victim to suffocate in a matter of minutes. This was called Crucifragrum.52,At three o’clock in the afternoon Jesus said, “Tetelastai,” meaning, “It is finished.”At that moment, He gave up His Spirit, and He died.53,When the soldiers came to Jesus to break His legs, He was already dead. Not a bone of His body was broken, in fulfilment of prophecy (above).54,Jesus died after six hours of the most excruciating and terrifying torture ever invented.55,Jesus died so that ordinary people like you and me could go to Heaven.All He Asks You is to Love Him, Your Lord, Your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind’!!

allofthegrero:

The Anatomical And Physiological Details Of Death By Crucifixion:
By Dr. C. Truman Davis
A Physician Analyzes the Crucifixion.
From New Wine Magazine, April 1982.
Originally published in Arizona Medicine,
March 1965, Arizona Medical Association.

Crucifixion was invented by the Persians in 300 BC, and perfected by the Romans in 100 BC.

1,It is the most painful death ever invented by man and is where we get our term “excruciating.”

2,It was reserved primarily for the most vicious of male criminals.
Jesus refused the anaesthetic wine which was offered to Him by the Roman soldiers because of His promise in Matthew 26: 29, “But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.”

3,Jesus was stripped naked and His clothing divided by the Roman guards. This was in fulfilment of Psalm 22:18, “They divide My garments among them, and for My clothing they cast lots.”

4,The Crucifixion of Jesus guaranteed a horrific, slow, painful death.
Having been nailed the Cross, Jesus now had an impossible anatomical position to maintain.

5,Jesus’ knees were flexed at about 45 degrees, and He was forced to bear His weight with the muscles of His thigh, which is not an anatomical position which is possible to maintain for more than a few minutes without severe cramp in the muscles of the thigh and calf.

6,Jesus’ weight was borne on His feet, with nails driven through them.
As the strength of the muscles of Jesus’ lower limbs tired, the weight of His body had to be transferred to His wrists, His arms, and His shoulders.

7,Within a few minutes of being placed on the Cross, Jesus’ shoulders were dislocated.
Minutes later Jesus’ elbows and wrists became dislocated.

8,The result of these upper limb dislocations is that His arms were 9 inches longer than normal, as clearly shown on the Shroud.

9,In addition prophecy was fulfilled in Psalm 22:14, “I am poured out like water, and all My bones are out of joint.”

10,After Jesus’ wrists, elbows, and shoulders were dislocated, the weight of His body on his upper limbs caused traction forces on the Pectoralis Major muscles of His chest wall.

11,These traction forces caused His rib cage to be pulled upwards and outwards, in a most unnatural state. His chest wall was permanently in a position of maximal respiratory inspiration. In order to exhale, Jesus was physiologically required to force His body.

12,In order to breathe out, Jesus had to push down on the nails in His feet to raise His body, and allow His rib cage to move downwards and inwards to expire air from His lungs.

13,His lungs were in a resting position of constant maximum inspiration.
Crucifixion is a medical catastrophe.

14,The problem was that Jesus could not easily push down on the nails in His feet because the muscles of His legs, bent at 45 degrees, were extremely fatigued, in severe cramp, and in an anatomically compromised position.

15,Unlike all Hollywood movies about the Crucifixion, the victim was extremely active.
The crucified victim was physiologically forced to move up and down the cross, a distance of about 12 inches, in order to breathe.

16,The process of respiration caused excruciating pain, mixed with the absolute terror of asphyxiation.

17,As the six hours of the Crucifixion wore on, Jesus was less and less able to bear His weight on His legs, as His thigh and calf muscles became increasingly exhausted.
There was increasing dislocation of His wrists, elbows and shoulders, and further elevation of His chest wall, making His breathing more and more difficult
Within minutes of crucifixion Jesus became severely dyspnoeic (short of breath).

18,His movements up and down the Cross to breathe caused excruciating pain in His wrist, His feet, and His dislocated elbows and shoulders.

19,The movements became less frequent as Jesus became increasingly exhausted, but the terror of imminent death by asphyxiation forced Him to continue in His efforts to breathe.

20,Jesus’ lower limb muscles developed excruciating cramp from the effort of pushing down on His legs, to raise His body, so that He could breathe out, in their anatomically compromised position.

21,The pain from His two shattered median nerves in His wrists exploded with every movement.

22,Jesus was covered in blood and sweat.

23,The blood was a result of the Scourging that nearly killed Him, and the sweat as a result of His violent involuntary attempts to effort to expire air from His lungs.
Throughout all this He was completely naked, and the leaders of the Jews, the crowds, and the thieves on both sides of Him were jeering, swearing and laughing at Him.
In addition, Jesus’ own mother was watching.

24,Physiologically, Jesus’ body was undergoing a series of catastrophic and terminal events.

25,Because Jesus could not maintain adequate ventilation of His lungs, He was now in a state of hypoventilation (inadequate ventilation).

26,His blood oxygen level began to fall, and He developed Hypoxia (low blood oxygen).
In addition, because of His restricted respiratory movements, His blood carbon dioxide (CO2) level began to rise, a condition known as Hypercapnia.

27,This rising CO2 level stimulated His heart to beat faster in order to increase the delivery of oxygen, and the removal of CO2

28,The Respiratory Centre in Jesus’ brain sent urgent messages to his lungs to breathe faster, and Jesus began to pant.

29,Jesus’ physiological reflexes demanded that He took deeper breaths, and He involuntarily moved up and down the Cross much faster, despite the excruciating pain.
The agonising movements spontaneously started several times a minute, to the delight of the crowd who jeered Him, the Roman soldiers, and the Sanhedrin.

30,However, due to the nailing of Jesus to the Cross and His increasing exhaustion, He was unable to provide more oxygen to His oxygen starved body.

31,The twin forces of Hypoxia (too little oxygen) and Hypercapnia (too much CO2) caused His heart to beat faster and faster, and Jesus developed Tachycardia.

32,Jesus’ heart beat faster and faster, and His pulse rate was probably about 220 beats/ minute, the maximum normally sustainable.

33,Jesus had drunk nothing for 15 hours, since 6 pm the previous evening.
Jesus had endured a scourging which nearly killed Him.

34,He was bleeding from all over His body following the Scourging, the crown of thorns, the nails in His wrists and feet, and the lacerations following His beatings and falls.

35,Jesus was already very dehydrated, and His blood pressure fell alarmingly.

36,His blood pressure was probably about 80/50.

37,He was in First Degree Shock, with Hypovolaemia (low blood volume), Tachycardia (excessively fast Heart Rate), Tachypnoea (excessively fast Respiratory Rate), and Hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating).

38,By about noon Jesus’ heart probably began to fail.

39,Jesus’ lungs probably began to fill up with Pulmonary Oedema.

40,This only served to exacerbate His breathing, which was already severely compromised.

41,Jesus was in Heart Failure and Respiratory Failure.

42,Jesus said, “I thirst” because His body was crying out for fluids.

43,Jesus was in desperate need of an intravenous infusion of blood and plasma to save His life

44,Jesus could not breathe properly and was slowly suffocating to death.

45,At this stage Jesus probably developed a Haemopericardium.

46,Plasma and blood gathered in the space around His heart, called the Pericardium.

47,This fluid around His heart caused Cardiac Tamponade (fluid around His heart, which prevented Jesus’ heart from beating properly).

48,Because of the increasing physiological demands on Jesus’ heart, and the advanced state of Haemopericardium, Jesus probably eventually sustained Cardiac Rupture. His heart literally burst. This was probably the cause of His death.

49,To slow the process of death the soldiers put a small wooden seat on the Cross, which would allow Jesus the “privilege” of bearing His weight on his sacrum.

50,The effect of this was that it could take up to nine days to die on a Cross.

51,When the Romans wanted to expedite death they would simply break the legs of the victim, causing the victim to suffocate in a matter of minutes. This was called Crucifragrum.

52,At three o’clock in the afternoon Jesus said, “Tetelastai,” meaning, “It is finished.”
At that moment, He gave up His Spirit, and He died.

53,When the soldiers came to Jesus to break His legs, He was already dead. Not a bone of His body was broken, in fulfilment of prophecy (above).

54,Jesus died after six hours of the most excruciating and terrifying torture ever invented.

55,Jesus died so that ordinary people like you and me could go to Heaven.

All He Asks You is to Love Him, Your Lord, Your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind’!!

shakypigment:

Mourning of Christ, Bela Čikoš Sesija

shakypigment:

Mourning of Christ, Bela Čikoš Sesija

My Good Friday Reflection.


St. Francis de Sales says that if we are to cry let it be out of love.
I know I am handing in my man card a bit, but Good Friday always makes me tear up.

At the Our Lady of Good Counsel, the Church I work at, we just had an ecumenical service of the Stations of the Cross. About 800 people from several Christian denominations came to pray together on the day we commemorate Christ’s dying love for us. It was beautiful to see everyone together regardless of our background professing in what we all believe, the beautiful love found in the death of Christ.

Every time I meditate on the crucifixion of Jesus I tear up. How much pain He was in. He probably couldn’t see from the sweat and blood in his eyes. Leaning on the cross would have been a nice relief if the nails were not tearing his wrists and hands apart as He hung there limp. He couldn’t see. He could hardly breathe.

It makes me cry.

He did not do this for His own reward, but for me. For you. For our friends and family now and for our kairos family. He loves you and me so much that this moment in history has become a stitch in time which continues over and over again as a reminder that through His death we have been redeemed. 

How beautiful that cross is. How lovely His death is. How much love is there in each. Let us meditate this day on our own cross, and just how much Christ loved His cross, how can we learn to love our own crosses in our lives.

allaboutmary:

Virgen de las Angustias
The altar of Our Lady of Anguish of Arévalo in Ávila, Spain.

allaboutmary:

Virgen de las Angustias

The altar of Our Lady of Anguish of Arévalo in Ávila, Spain.

reginapacis808:

Eternal Father, I offer you the Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity of Your Dearly Beloved Son, Our Lord, Jesus Christ, in atonement for our sins and those of the whole world.
For the sake of His sorrowful Passion, have mercy on us and on the whole world.
Holy God, Holy Mighty One, Holy Immortal One, have mercy on us and on the whole world.
Eternal God, in whom mercy is endless and the treasury of compassion — inexhaustible, look kindly upon us and increase Your mercy in us, that in difficult moments we might not despair nor become despondent, but with great confidence submit ourselves to Your holy will, which is Love and Mercy itself.

reginapacis808:

Eternal Father, I offer you the Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity of Your Dearly Beloved Son, Our Lord, Jesus Christ, in atonement for our sins and those of the whole world.

For the sake of His sorrowful Passion, have mercy on us and on the whole world.

Holy God, Holy Mighty One, Holy Immortal One, have mercy on us and on the whole world.

Eternal God, in whom mercy is endless and the treasury of compassion — inexhaustible, look kindly upon us and increase Your mercy in us, that in difficult moments we might not despair nor become despondent, but with great confidence submit ourselves to Your holy will, which is Love and Mercy itself.

theraccolta:

Calvary by Heemskerck van Maarten 

theraccolta:

Calvary by Heemskerck van Maarten 

lunacylover:

Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland.

allaboutmary:

A woodcut of Our Lady of Seven Sorrows from the book ‘Quodlibetica decisio perpulchra et devota de septem doloribus Christi ferae virginis Mariae’, published in Lower Austria in 1501.
From the collection of the Bavarian State Library.

allaboutmary:

A woodcut of Our Lady of Seven Sorrows from the book ‘Quodlibetica decisio perpulchra et devota de septem doloribus Christi ferae virginis Mariae’, published in Lower Austria in 1501.

From the collection of the Bavarian State Library.

dramoor:

God is Love.
(All Merciful Christ of Roath Icon by Aidan Hart)

dramoor:

God is Love.

(All Merciful Christ of Roath Icon by Aidan Hart)

nbcnews:

'Mom…I love you': Sinking students texted pleas
(Photo: Ahn Young-Joon / AP)
Heartbreaking text messages from high school students on board the sinking ferry off South Korea painted a picture of terror and tragedy on board as the hunt for survivors continued Thursday.
Continue reading

nbcnews:

'Mom…I love you': Sinking students texted pleas

(Photo: Ahn Young-Joon / AP)

Heartbreaking text messages from high school students on board the sinking ferry off South Korea painted a picture of terror and tragedy on board as the hunt for survivors continued Thursday.

Continue reading